ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book

What comes with Trivium Test Prep’s ASVAB Practice Test Review Book?

You probably think this is a typical study guide. However, Trivium Test Prep’s unofficial ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book: 250 Test Prep Questions for the Math and Science Portions of the ASVAB Exam isn't like other study guides.

Because we know you value your time, our unofficial study guide includes a quick yet full review of everything on the test with real examples, graphics, and information.

Trivium Test Prep’s ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book gives you the edge you need to score higher and pass the first time.

Best of all, Trivium Test Prep’s ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book offers you:

  • A full review of what you need to know for the ASVAB exam

  • ASVAB practice questions for you to practice and improve and worked through practice problems with explanations

  • Test tips and strategies to help you score higher

  • Real world examples

 Our ASVAB prep book covers all the material that will be on your exam, including:

  • General Science

  • Arithmetic Reasoning

  • Word Knowledge

  • Paragraph Comprehension

  • Math Knowledge

  • Electronics

  • Automotive Information

  • Shop Information

  • Mechanical Comprehension

  • Assembling Objects

… and also comes with two FULL ASVAB practice tests, so that you will be ready on test day.

But before you buy ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book, you may find yourself wondering, what is the ASVAB? What is on the ASVAB? How is the ASVAB scored? How is the ASVAB administered? Can I retake the ASVAB? We are the ASVAB experts, and we are happy to answer all your questions below!

Some Frequently Asked Questions about the ASVAB…

What is the ASVAB?

The ASVAB exam is designed to assess the aptitude of individuals aspiring to gain entrance into any of the five branches of the US Armed Forces. All applicants must pass the ASVAB as one of the qualifications to join the military. The ASVAB testing program is under the purview of the Department of Defense and is administered at regional Military Entrance Processing Stations (MEPS) or local satellite offices called Military Entrance Test (MET) sites. Military personnel administer the exam at MEPS locations, while typically civilian contractors or government employees administer the exam at the MET sites.

High school students in grades 11 and 12 are eligible to take the exam as well as students in postsecondary schools. In order for your exam score to be considered for enlistment, you must have attained the age of seventeen when you take the oath to join the military, and your exam score must be no more than two years old. Adults who wish to take the ASVAB and join the military must be no older than the maximum age accepted by their desired branch of service at the time of enlistment.

There are two versions of the ASVAB applicants may take—the computerized (CAT-ASVAB) and the paper-and-pencil ASVAB exam. Please note that current military members who wish to increase their score to qualify for certain advanced schooling should take the Armed Forces Classification Exam (AFCT).

What is on the ASVAB?

The ASVAB consists of ten subtests. In the following table, each subtest is listed with the approximate number of questions and the time limit allowed. Once you finish a subtest (or time runs out), you cannot return to that section. All questions are in a multiple-choice format. Applicants use the computer keyboard and mouse to select answers for the CAT-ASVAB and bubble answer sheets to select answers for the paper-and-pencil ASVAB.

  • General Science (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 25)

  • Arithmetic Reasoning (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 30)

  • Word Knowledge (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 35)

  • Paragraph Comprehension (CAT-ASVAB - 11; P&P - 15)

  • Mathematics Knowledge (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 25)

  • Electronics (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 20)

  • Auto Information (CAT-ASVAB - 11; P&P - 25)

  • Shop Information (CAT-ASVAB - 11)

  • Mechanical Comprehension (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 25)

  • Assembling Objects (CAT-ASVAB - 16; P&P - 25)

  • Total: CAT-ASVAB - 145; P&P - 225

How is the ASVAB scored?

The ASVAB Score

Raw scores (number of correct answers) from four of the ten ASVAB subtests (Word Knowledge [WK], Paragraph Comprehension [PC], Arithmetic Reasoning [AR], and Mathematic Knowledge [MK]) are computed and weighted to make up the Armed Forces Qualification Exam (AFQT) score.

To calculate the AFQT score, the WK and PC scores are added together and compared to a Verbal Expression chart to get the Verbal Expression (VE) value. This new VE value is doubled. Add to the VE value the MK and AR weighted scores to get the overall AFQT score.

For example, suppose you received the following points for each of the categories:

  • WK—15; PC—11; MK—32; AR—42

  • Add 15 + 11 = 26. The score 26 equates to 40 for a VE value.

  • Double the VE value = 80.

  • Add 80 + 32 + 42 = 154.

  • The total of 154 equates to 38 as an AFQT score.

Please note that the MK and AR raw scores are not used in computing the overall AFQT score. Applicants receive additional points for correctly answering more difficult questions in these two subtests, thus resulting in a weighted score.

The Standard Score

The Standard Score compares your raw scores (number of correct answers) combining the WK, PC, AR, and MK subtests to those of other applicants between the ages of eighteen and twenty-three. It is displayed as a percentile ranking (1 – 99 percent).

The Service Composite Score

Together with their recruiter, applicants may select a certain career field or military occupational specialty (MOS) depending on their ASVAB score. This score not only determines eligibility for entry into the military; it is also an indicator of which career field would best suit the individual. The score you receive may qualify or disqualify you for certain MOS within your chosen career field. Selection for assignment to some MOS requires higher scores than others. This is important to know if you wish to enter into a technical MOS. Ask your recruiter for qualifying scores of MOS that you may be interested in pursuing.

The Service Composite Score is the score the services use to determine if an applicant meets the qualifications for a specific MOS. The US Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps determine the Service Composite Score by calculating the raw scores from a combination of ALL subtests, not just the four subtests making up the AFQT score. These scores are known as line (or composite) scores. The Air Force uses the Numerical Operations (NO) and Coding Speed (CS) line scores in addition to the Standard Scores. Examples of the line (composite) scores needed for certain MOSs are as follows:

  • Army AVENGER System repairer job: Add GS + AS + MK + EI. The total score must
    be 98 or above.

  • Air Force in-flight refueler job: Add AR + VE. The total score must be 53 or above.

  • Marine intelligence specialist job: Add VE + AR. The total score must be 100 or above.

  • Navy aviation boatswain mate job: Add VE + AR + MK + AS. The total score must be 184 or above.

  • Coast Guard: Add VE +AR. The total score must be 109 or above.

The Career Exploration Score

The Career Exploration Program is a tool for recruiters to identify aptitude and career interest in high school and postsecondary students. Students take the ASVAB and combine it with an interest inventory. Together these documents and results help pave the path for students with an interest in joining the military. This program is marketed specifically in select high schools and colleges. Students interested in this program should contact their local recruiter or high school counselor.

Qualifying Scores

Being fully qualified for military service requires applicants to achieve many benchmarks. To qualify for military service, applicants who possess a high school diploma must achieve different scores on the ASVAB than applicants with a General Education Development (GED). The Department of Defense places applicants in one of three tiers.

  • Tier 1 applicants possess a high school diploma or some college.

  • Tier 2 applicants possess a GED.

  • Tier 3 applicants do not possess an educational certificate or diploma.

Tier 3 applicants must score higher on the AFQT than a Tier 2 applicant. Likewise, a Tier 2 applicant must score higher on the AFQT than a Tier 1 applicant.

Recruitment goals always change, so an applicant who is Tier 3 may not qualify at all despite the AFQT score. Contact your recruiter for eligibility requirements.

Additionally, one qualifying score for the Army may not qualify that same individual for the Air Force.

The minimum ASVAB scores required for each service for applicants with at least a high school diploma or GED are as follows:

  • US Air Force—36 with a diploma; 65 with a GED

  • US Army—31 with a diploma; 50 with a GED

  • Coast Guard—40 with a diploma; 50 with a GED

  • Marine Corps—32 with a diploma; 50 with a GED

  • National Guard—31 with a diploma; 50 with a GED

  • US Navy—35 with a diploma; 50 with a GED

How is the ASVAB administered?

If you are ready to take the ASVAB, contact your local recruiter. Your recruiter will determine your initial qualifications and schedule you for the ASVAB. The location where you take the ASVAB will decide when a test seat is available.

On the day of the exam, you will need to bring valid photo identification to verify your identity. Testing materials are provided by the test proctor. Calculators are not allowed. If your recruiter drives you to the testing location, the recruiter cannot be in the testing room. Personal breaks are scheduled by the proctor, so be prepared to remain in the testing seat until dismissed.

Can I retake the ASVAB?

If you are not satisfied with your ASVAB score, you may retake the ASVAB exam. The first two retake exams must be completed at least one calendar month from the date of the initial exam. After the second retake, applicants must wait at least six calendar months to retake the exam. ASVAB exam results are valid for two years.

Wow, that is a lot of information to take in about the ASVAB. Now you might find yourself wondering, what are my next steps? Why should I use Trivium Test Prep’s ASVAB study material?

Trivium Test Prep is an independent test prep study guide company that produces and prints all of our books right here in the USA. Our dedicated professionals know how people think and learn, and have created our test prep products based on what research has shown to be the fastest, easiest, and most effective way to prepare for the exam. Unlike other study guides that are stamped out in a generic fashion, our study materials are specifically tailored for your exact needs.

Where can I buy ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book?

You can find ASVAB Science and Math Practice Test Review Book for purchase on Amazon and Barnes and Noble. Just click the link next to our book, the image of our book itself, or the links we provided in the sentence above!

So…how else can I prepare for the ASVAB?

To help you prepare for your ASVAB test, we have developed a list of 35 test taking tips that have been shown to be very helpful for students of all ages and backgrounds when taking standardized tests. They cover everything. from what to do the night before the big day, to what to eat for breakfast, to thoughts on how to handle your caffeine to tips you can use during the actual exam.

Our first set of tips focus on what you can do the night before to help you prepare for the day of your ASVAB exam.

1. Study hard for the ASVAB with our ASVAB practice test in the days before the exam but take it easy the night before and do something relaxing rather than studying and cramming. This will help decrease anxiety, allow you to get a better night’s sleep, and be more mentally fresh during the big exam. Watch a light-hearted movie, read a favorite book, or take a walk, for example.

2. Pack your bag or lay out your essentials the night before. Make sure to include at least two forms of ID, your admission ticket or confirmation, pencils, a high protein, easy to eat snack, bottled water, and any necessary medications. You will be less stressed the morning of, and less likely to forget anything important.

3. Map out your route to the test center the night before. If you are driving, take traffic into account, especially if you are driving during rush hour.  If you really want to be thorough you can visit where the exam is going to be beforehand, so you know exactly where you are going the day of the test. Use your phone or the internet to check for traffic updates before leaving, in case you need to take an alternate route.

4. Spend the hour before bed avoiding television, your computer, cell phone, or social media. The bright screens and overload of data can keep your brain buzzing come bedtime.

Once you’ve taken all the necessary steps you can to be prepared for exam day, our next group of tips will help you concentrate on how to get your best night’s sleep, which is critical to being sharp and alert during your ASVAB exam.

5. Make sure you give yourself your usual amount of sleep, preferably at least 7-8 hours. You may find you need even more sleep. Pay attention to how much you sleep in the days before the exam, and how many hours it takes for you to feel refreshed. This will allow you to be as sharp as possible during the ASVAB test and make fewer simple mistakes.

6. Set your alarm early enough that you have plenty of time to have a well-balanced breakfast and avoid rushing in the morning to get ready. Rushing tends to get your sympathetic nervous system going and you risk being mentally fatigued by the time you start taking your ASVAB.

7. Don’t use sedatives like Benadryl or NyQuil to fall asleep. These medications often remain in your body long after you have taken them, meaning you will still be drowsy during the exam and potentially up to 24 hours after taking them.

8. With all the extra adrenaline flowing through your bloodstream the night before a big test, it is not uncommon to feel more anxiety than usual. Focus on thinking positive thoughts, which will decrease this anxiety, help you relax and fall asleep. One way to stay positive is to imagine a happy or fun story or scene. If you have a negative thought or find yourself returning to the exam, acknowledge this thought and let it “drift away” while you continue to fixate on the story or images you have in your mind until you finally fall asleep.

Now that you’re ready to get a full night’s sleep, here are some great tips to help you get through the morning and those critical hours before the big exam.

9. Don't forget to take any vitamins or medications you would usually take in the mornings before you leave for the test center. It is important that you keep your body – and schedule – as normal as possible to ensure you are calm and collected come test-taking time.

10. Dress in loose, comfortable clothes and wear layers. Also, wear comfortable and breathable shoes. Although you will be seated, you don't want tight, restrictive clothing to serve as a distraction. Also consider wearing natural fabrics such as cotton, which help wick away body moisture and let the skin “breathe.”

11. Many testing locations keep their air conditioner on high. You want to remember to bring a sweater or jacket in case the test center is too cold, as you never know how hot or cold the testing location could be. Remember, while you can always adjust for heat by removing layers, if you’re cold, you’re cold.  

12. Eat a breakfast with protein, fiber and good fats, such as eggs, avocado, oatmeal, whole-grain toast, berries, or nuts - all of which keep you full longer and your brain healthy. A breakfast burrito with a whole grain-tortilla, eggs, beans, spinach and salsa would be an ideal and delicious example. While whole grains can be a great part of a balanced meal, make sure to avoid a breakfast high in simple carbs such as yogurt (Greek yogurt is an exception, because of its high protein content), cereal, or high sugar fruits such as bananas, which can cause your blood sugar to rise and then crash during the exam. This crash can lead to mistakes towards the end of the exam, and once you crash, you might tend to really want the exam to be over, meaning you will be less thorough than you normally would be in your best state of mind.

13. Use caffeine as you normally would, and as sparingly as possible. Coffee, energy drinks, tea, chocolate and many soft drinks all contain caffeine. Therefore, be smart about what you put into your body. Just as with high carb or high sugar drinks and foods, many people tend to crash 3 to 4 hours after ingesting caffeinated products. Some products, such as coffee, also increase an individual’s need to use the restroom, something you want to avoid when you’re in the middle of a timed test like the ASVAB. Carefully consider how caffeinated products affect you, and how long your test is before you decide to consume caffeinated products. However, if you are a habitual coffee drinker, for example, you want to consider the cons of avoiding caffeine. In a coffee drinker’s case, taking your exam without any caffeine could result in you not being in your peak mental state, and your score could seriously suffer.

14. Bring an energizing snack to leave in your bag that doesn’t require refrigeration and isn’t messy or difficult to eat. Some good examples include protein bars or almonds. Although stress from the test may tempt you, don't rely on sweets with fast carbohydrates from a vending machine at the test center. Remember, foods like these will cause you to crash and lose focus during your exam. Bring water, not sugary soda or sports drinks. The only time you should consider using fast carbs is when you know you only have 30-45 minutes left and you need a quick boost of energy to power through it. Keep in mind, however, that many exams do not permit eating during testing, so keep into consideration when your break times are, how long they are, and at what point during the test they occur.

15. If you find that you have extra time and have made flashcards or a “cheat sheet” while studying, go through the high yield subjects, as well as ones you might be struggling with, before the ASVAB. Reviewing these subjects will help store them in your short-term memory and you will be more likely to retrieve them during the test. Once you feel as if you know an answer, remove that card from the deck or cross off that section so you can concentrate on the remaining difficult subjects. If a friend or family member is around, consider asking them to help you by acting as the quizzer.

16. Consider asking a friend or family member to take you to the testing location so you can continue to review your materials, not stress about transportation, and receive the extra moral support they can provide. Don’t wait until the morning of to ask, however, and have a backup plan prepared in case your ride falls through.

17. Aim to get to the test center at least 15-30 minutes early. This gives you time to adjust for several negative scenarios, such as bad traffic, a train, getting lost, lack of parking, or running into issues with your registration, for example.

18. Bring at least two pens and two pencils with good erasers, a calculator with new batteries and any other resources that your instructor allows you to take into the exam room. Make sure you clear any materials you are bringing in with the instructor first – you don’t want to be removed from the exam or have your exam forfeited because you broke an easy to avoid rule.

19. Bring a watch to the test so that you can better pace yourself. In the days leading up to the ASVAB, consider using the watch to help time yourself so you grow accustomed to the amount of time it takes you to answer a question – as well as the amount of time you can realistically spend on a problem. If you use a digital watch, make sure it is permitted in the testing room.

20. Consider packing helpful healthcare products you might need in the case of an emergency, such as pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Remember that even if you don't think you need them, you are taking a long test and are likely to feel stressed, even if you are well prepared. This stress can result in a tension headache or tense muscles that may be distracting during the exam.

21. If you can't study or review your materials because you're at the testing location, waiting for the exam to begin, or simply because of nerves, try meditating or focusing on your breathing. Going into the exam feeling calm and collected will help you pace yourself and remember important information.

22. Even if you don’t feel like it, use the restroom before entering the exam room. You don't want to waste time worrying about your bodily needs during the test. Furthermore, you can splash water on your face to help perk yourself up.

Once you’re ready for the big moment – exam time itself – you’re going to need to stay focused and choose your answers quickly and wisely. Our final exam tips cover what you can do while you are taking the ASVAB test itself to raise your score.

23. Multiple studies have shown that individuals work harder and do better work when they’re slightly cold. While you don’t want to be uncomfortably cold – remember, always bring a jacket, just in case – being slightly cold will keep you alert and awake. If you find yourself growing warm, take off your jacket or other layers to get to that optimal temperature.

24. Don't pay attention to others around you. Don’t worry if someone seems to be going through the test much faster or slower than you. If someone around you is being loud or disruptive, asked to be moved or see if there are noise-cancelling headphones or other options available for you to use.

25. Go with your gut when choosing an answer. Statistically, the answer that comes to mind first is often the right one. This is assuming you studied the material, of course, which we hope you have done if you read through one of our books!

26. For true or false questions: if you genuinely don't know the answer, mark it true. In most tests, there are typically more true answers than false answers.

27. For multiple choice questions, read ALL the answer choices before marking an answer, even if you think you know the answer when you come across it. You may find your original “right” answer isn’t necessarily the best option.

28. Look for key words: in multiple choice exams, particularly those that require you to read through a text, the questions typically contain key words. These key words can help the test taker choose the correct answer or confuse you if you don’t recognize them. Common keywords are: most, during, after, initially, and first. Be sure you identify them before you read the available answers. Identifying the key words makes a huge difference in your chances of passing the ASVAB.

29. Narrow answers down by using the process of elimination: after you understand the question, read each answer. If you don’t know the answer right away, use the process of elimination to narrow down the answer choices. It is easy to identify at least one answer that isn’t correct. Continue to narrow down the choices before choosing the answer you believe best fits the question. By following this process, you increase your chances of selecting the correct answer. If the exam is on physical paper, you can put an “X” next to the incorrect answers to help your brain separate right and wrong answers. If your exam is on a computer and scratch paper is permitted, consider writing out the letters or numbers associated with the answer choices, such as A, B, C, or D, and then cross them off manually to ensure you select the correct answer.

30. Don't stay on a problem that you are stuck on, especially when time is a factor. Mark it, skip it and come back to it later once you’ve finished all the easier problems. Not only will this prevent you from wasting time, you may also find that you are able to approach the problem differently after some time away from it. If you are still stuck, return to: 1) Using the process of elimination, and 2) Going with your gut to choose your final answer.

31. If wrong answers are penalized, consider skipping over them unless you feel relatively sure you might have the right answer. There is no point in wasting additional time on a question that will negatively impact your score.

32. Consider taking a mini-break if you are feeling overwhelmed. Put down your pencil, close your eyes, and take two or three deep, slow breaths. If you are permitted a certain amount of break time, go wash your face, drink some water, or do a quick powerwalk through a hall or open space to get your blood flowing again.

33. If you have time left when you are finished, look over your test. Make sure that you have answered all the questions. Remember, your first answer is probably the correct answer, so only change an answer if you know for a fact that you misread or misinterpreted the question.

34. If you manually bubbled in answers, make sure that any wrong answers are fully erased and that your bubbles are dark, neat and full. Whether on a computer or on paper, take this opportunity to make sure that your personal information on the exam is correct and neatly printed. Sometimes the little things, such as an out of place bubble, have the potential to negatively impact your score.

35. Don't worry if others finish before or after you. Go at your own pace and focus on the test in front of you.

We hope that these test-taking tips will help you do your best on exam day. For tips specific to the ASVAB test, make sure you carefully read through our study guide on your exam. Our books include sidebars with helpful tips and facts relevant to your test. You’ll also want to read through your exam creator’s website to make sure that you bring everything necessary for your exam and study all relevant material. Finally, continue to check out our website, for updated study materials!

Just a note:

USAF was not involved in the creation or production of this product, is not in any way affiliated with Trivium Test Prep, and does not sponsor or endorse this product.